Identify and then provide a clear and succinct summary in your own words of a) the subject matter of the text (what is the topic?) b) its specific aim (what does it set out to do?) and b) its key argument, contribution or findings (what does it achieve?). Step 2. Examine the research design and presentation of methods and findings. Here you should: Explain and evaluate the methodological workings of the article (research design, presentation of data collection and analysis) Consider the sampling strategy. Consider whether any aspects of methodology, presentation or argument are unclear Consider the way that evidence is used to support the findings presented/to build a line of argument It is very important that the primary focus of your review is on your critical engagement with the research article, rather than your summary of what the reading says.